The effects of salinity, crassulacean acid metabolism and plant age on the carbon isotope composition of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L., a halophytic C3-CAM species

Winter, Klaus, and Holtum, Joesph A.M. (2005) The effects of salinity, crassulacean acid metabolism and plant age on the carbon isotope composition of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L., a halophytic C3-CAM species. Planta, 222 (1). pp. 201-209.

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Abstract

The carbon isotope composition of the halophyte Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. (Aizoaceae) changes when plants are exposed to environmental stress and when they shift from C3 to crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM). We examined the coupling between carbon isotope composition and photosynthetic pathway by subjecting plants of different ages to salinity and humidity treatments. Whole shoot d13C values became less negative in plants that were exposed to 400 mM NaCl in the hydroponic solution. The isotopic change had two components: a direct NaCl effect that was greatest in plants still operating in the C3 mode and decreased proportionally with increasing levels of dark fixation, and a second component related to the degree of CAM expression. Ignoring the presumably diffusion related NaCl effect on carbon isotope ratios results in an overestimation of nocturnal CO2 gain in comparison to an isotope versus nocturnal CO2 gain calibration established previously for C3 and CAM species grown under well-watered conditions. It is widely taken for granted that the shift to CAM in M. crystallinum is partially under developmental control and that CAM is inevitably expressed in mature plants. Plants, cultivated under non-saline conditions and high relative humidity (RH) for up to 63 days, maintained diel CO2 gas-exchange patterns and d13C values typical of C3 plants. However, a weak CAM gas-exchange pattern and an increase in d13C value were observed in non-salt-treated plants grown at reduced RH. These observations are consistent with environmental control rather than developmental control of the induction of CAM in mature M. crystallinum under non-saline conditions.

Item ID: 1150
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: carbon isotope composition; Crassulacean acid metabolism; CO2 exchange; Mesembryanthemum; salinity; stress
ISSN: 1432-2048
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2010 23:42
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0607 Plant Biology > 060705 Plant Physiology @ 100%
SEO Codes: 97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 24
Downloads: Total: 1
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