Fungal diseases in amphibians
Berger, Lee, Longcore, Joyce E., Speare, Rick, Hyatt, Alex, and Skerratt, Lee F. (2009) Fungal diseases in amphibians. In: Heatwole, Harold, and Wilkinson, John W., (eds.) Amphibian Decline: diseases, parasites, maladies and pollutiones. Amphiban Biology, 8 . Surrey Beatty & Sons, Australia, pp. 2986-3052.
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The largest section of this chapter reviews chytridiomycosis, which has caused the decline and extinction of a multitude of amphibian species worldwide, and is the most devastating disease of wildlife on record. Oomycete infection of eggs in the United States has also been linked to localized amphibian declines and is reviewed in detail. Diseases due to Mucor amphibiorum and Ichthyophonus sp. have caused mortality in wild amphibians and are described in the last section although they have not been associated with population declines. Fungal diseases known only from captive amphibians, or fungal infection of wild amphibians not associated with disease, are not described. For a comprehensive description of fungal diseases in amphibians, including pathology and treatment, see Wright and Whitaker (2001). Although systemic fungal infections in mammals are usually associated with immunosuppression, many fungi are common primary pathogens in aquatic animals such as fish, crustaceans and amphibians (Reichenbach-Klinke and Elkan 1965).
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Research - B1)|
|Keywords:||amphibian, disease, fungus, chytridiomycosis|
|Date Deposited:||22 May 2010 01:17|
|FoR Codes:||06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0699 Other Biological Sciences > 069999 Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9699 Other Environment > 969999 Environment not elsewhere classified @ 100%|