An experimental study of unsteady natural convection in a reservoir model subject to periodic thermal forcing using combined PIV and PIT

Bednarz, Tomasz Piotr, Lei, Chengwang, and Patterson, John C. (2009) An experimental study of unsteady natural convection in a reservoir model subject to periodic thermal forcing using combined PIV and PIT. Experiments in Fluids, 47 (1). pp. 107-117.

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Abstract

The present experimental investigation is concerned with the transient flow response in a reservoir model to periodic heating and cooling at the water surface. The experiment reveals a stable stratification of the water body during the heating phase and an unsteady mixing flow in the reservoir during the cooling phase. It is shown that thermal instabilities play an important role in breaking up the residual circulation and initiating a reverse flow circulation in deep waters after the switch of thermal forcing from heating to cooling. Moreover, the heating from the water surface results in a stable large-scale convective roll that is clearly observed in the experiment. The present flow visualization is carried out with the application of thermo-chromic liquid crystals. Quantitative temperature and velocity fields are extracted using Particle Image Thermometry and Particle Image Velocimetry techniques. Understanding of the flow mechanisms pertinent to this problem is important for predicting the transport of nutrients and pollutants across reservoirs.

Item ID: 11297
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
ISSN: 1432-1114
Date Deposited: 22 May 2010 03:11
FoR Codes: 09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090702 Environmental Engineering Modelling @ 100%
SEO Codes: 86 MANUFACTURING > 8698 Environmentally Sustainable Manufacturing > 869899 Environmentally Sustainable Manufacturing not elsewhere classified @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 8
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