Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs

Hughes, T.P., Baird, A.H., Bellwood, D.R., Card, M., Connolly, S.R., Folke, C., Grosberg, R., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Jackson, J.B.C., Kleypas, J., Lough, J.M., Marshall, P.A., Nyström, M., Palumbi, S.R., Pandolfi, J.M., Rosen, B., and Roughgarden, J. (2003) Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science, 301 (5635). pp. 929-933.

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Abstract

The diversity, frequency and scale of human impacts on coral reefs are increasing to the extent that reefs are threatened globally. Projected increases in carbon dioxide and temperature over the next 50 years exceed the conditions under which coral reefs have flourished over the past half million years. However, reefs will change rather than disappear entirely, with some species already showing far greater tolerance to climate change and coral bleaching than others. International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming.

Item ID: 1127
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: coral reefs, global warming, resilience, marine protected areas, human impacts
Additional Information:

Copyright 2005 American Association for the Advancement of Science.

ISSN: 1095-9203
Date Deposited: 31 May 2007
FoR Codes: 05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 100%
SEO Codes: 96 ENVIRONMENT > 9606 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation > 960601 Economic Incentives for Environmental Protection @ 100%
Citation Count from Web of Science Web of Science 1229
Downloads: Total: 8
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