Evaluating the potential for zero discharge from reverse osmosis desalination using integrated processes – a review
Neilly, A., Jegatheesan, V., and Shu, L. (2009) Evaluating the potential for zero discharge from reverse osmosis desalination using integrated processes – a review. Desalination and Water Treatment, 11. pp. 58-65.
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Desalination processes used worldwide produce a large amount of waste concentrate, the disposal of which can have significant environmental impacts. As such, there has been research carried out into the development of zero liquid discharge technologies which recognise that the waste concentrate streams contain valuable salts, minerals and water. These technologies include the proprietary SAL-PROC systems, as well as other integrated systems that use a variety of different technologies for the extraction of salts and minerals from waste concentrates. Research has also been conducted on using forward osmosis as a means of treating the waste concentrate in order to produce additional product water and thus reduce the volume of waste concentrate. This article provides a review of these technologies and evaluates the potential for achieving zero liquid discharge by combining these technologies with conventional desalination technologies into integrated processes.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||forward osmosis; recovery; desalination; reverse osmosis; flux|
|Date Deposited:||27 May 2010 22:28|
|FoR Codes:||09 ENGINEERING > 0904 Chemical Engineering > 090404 Membrane and Separation Technologies @ 50%
09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090701 Environmental Engineering Design @ 50%
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9609 Land and Water Management > 960908 Mining Land and Water Management @ 100%|
|Citation Count from Web of Science||