James Dunlop's historical catalogue of southern nebulae and clusters
Cozens, Glen, Walsh, Andrew, and Orchiston, Wayne (2010) James Dunlop's historical catalogue of southern nebulae and clusters. Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, 13 (1). pp. 59-73.
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In 1826 James Dunlop compiled the second ever catalogue of southern star clusters, nebulae and galaxies from Parramatta (NSW, Australia) using a 23-cm reflecting telescope. Initially acclaimed, the catalogue and author were later criticised and condemned by others - including Sir John Herschel and both the catalogue and author are now largely unknown. The criticism of the catalogue centred on the large number of fictitious or ‘missing’ objects, yet detailed analysis reveals the remarkable completeness of the catalogue, despite its inherent errors. We believe that James Dunlop was an important early Australian astronomer, and his catalogue should be esteemed as the southern equivalent of Messier's famous northern catalogue.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||James Dunlop, southern sky catalogue, clusters, nebulae, galaxies|
|Date Deposited:||19 Aug 2010 02:57|
|FoR Codes:||02 PHYSICAL SCIENCES > 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences > 020199 Astronomical and Space Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 100%|
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