Poor dental status and oral hygiene practices in instiutionalized older people in northeast Brazil

Gaiano, Luciene Ribeiro, De Almeida, Maria Eneide Leitao, Filho, Jose Gomez Bezerra, Leggat, Peter, and Heukelbach, Jorg (2009) Poor dental status and oral hygiene practices in instiutionalized older people in northeast Brazil. International Journal of Dentistry, 2009.

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Abstract

In this study we describe the dental status and oral hygiene practices in institutionalized older people and identify factors associated with poor dental status. A cross-sectional study was performed in a nursing home in Fortaleza, the capital of Cear´a State (northeast Brazil). The number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) was assessed in the residents of the nursing home (n = 167; mean age = 76.6 years). The mean DMFT value was 29.7; the mean number of missing teeth was 28.4. Ninety-three (58.1%) were edentulous. Almost 90% practiced oral hygiene, but only about half used a toothbrush. Only 8% had visited a dentist in the preceding three months. Most of the variables regarding oral hygiene habits (such as the use of toothbrush, frequency of oral hygiene per day, regular tooth brushing after meals) did not show any significant association with the DMFT. In multivariate regression analysis, age, general literacy level, and practice of oral hygiene were independently associated with the DMFT (R2 = 0.13). Institutionalized older people in northeast Brazil have poor dental status, and oral hygiene practices are insufficient. Dental health education is needed focusing on the special needs of this neglected and socioeconomically deprived population to improve their quality of life.

Item ID: 10896
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: dental; older people; Brazil; institution; oral hygiene
ISSN: 1687-8736
Date Deposited: 07 May 2010 01:27
FoR Codes: 11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified @ 100%
SEO Codes: 92 HEALTH > 9299 Other Health > 929999 Health not elsewhere classified @ 100%
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