The Drosophila RAD21 cohesin persists at the centromere region in mitosis

Warren, W.D., Steffensen, S., Lin, E., Coelho, P., Loupart, M-L., Cobbe, N., Lee, J.Y., McKay, M.J., Orr-Weaver, T, Heck, M.M.S., and Sunkel, C.E. (2000) The Drosophila RAD21 cohesin persists at the centromere region in mitosis. Current Biology, 10 (22). pp. 1463-1466.

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Abstract

‘Cohesin’ is a highly conserved multiprotein complex thought to be the primary effector of sister-chromatid cohesion in all eukaryotes. Cohesin complexes in budding yeast hold sister chromatids together from S phase until anaphase, but in metazoans, cohesin proteins dissociate from chromosomes and redistribute into the whole cell volume during prophase, well before sister chromatids separate (reviewed in [1 and 2]). Here we address this apparent anomaly by investigating the cell-cycle dynamics of DRAD21, the Drosophila orthologue of the Xenopus XRAD21 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae Scc1p/Mcd1p cohesins [3]. Analysis of DRAD21 in S2 Drosophila tissue culture cells and live embryos expressing a DRAD21–green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion revealed the presence of four distinct subcellular pools of DRAD21: a cytoplasmic pool; a chromosome-associated pool which dissociates from chromatin as chromosomes condense in prophase; a short-lived centrosome-associated pool present during metaphase–anaphase; and a centromere-proximal pool which remains bound to condensed chromosomes, is found along the junction of sister chromatids between kinetochores, and persists until the metaphase–anaphase transition. We conclude that in Drosophila, and possibly all metazoans, a minor pool of cohesin remains bound to centromere-proximal chromatin after prophase and maintains sister-chromatid cohesion until the metaphase–anaphase transition.

Item ID: 1003
Item Type: Article (Refereed Research - C1)
Keywords: Drosophila; Cohesin; RAD21; chromosome cohesion
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© 2000 Elsevier : This journal is available online - use hypertext links above.

ISSN: 1879-0445
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2006
FoR Codes: 06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology > 060103 Cell Development, Proliferation and Death @ 0%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060403 Developmental Genetics (incl Sex Determination) @ 0%
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