Effects of adenosine deaminase and A1 receptor deficiency in normoxic and ischaemic mouse hearts
Willems, Laura, Reichelt, Melissa E., Molina, Jose G., Sun, Chun-Xiao, Chunn, Janci L., Ashton, Kevin J., Schnermann, Jurgen, Blackburn, Michael R., and Headrick, John P. (2006) Effects of adenosine deaminase and A1 receptor deficiency in normoxic and ischaemic mouse hearts. Cardiovascular Research, 71 (1). pp. 79-87.
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Objective: Adenosine deaminase (ADA) may be multifunctional, regulating adenosine levels and adenosine receptor (AR) agonism, and potentially modifying AR functionality. Herein we assess effects of ADA (and A1AR) deficiency on AR-mediated responses and ischaemic tolerance.
Methods: Normoxic function and responses to 20 or 25min ischaemia and 45min reperfusion were studied in isolated hearts from wild-type mice and from mice deficient in ADA and/or A1ARs.
Results: Neither ADA or A1AR deficiency significantly modified basal contractility, although ADA deficiency reduced resting heart rate (an effect abrogated by A1AR deficiency). Bradycardia and vasodilation in response to AR agonism (2-chloroadenosine) were unaltered by ADA deficiency, while A1AR deficiency eliminated the heart rate response. Adenosine efflux increased 10- to 20-fold with ADA deficiency (at the expense of inosine). Deletion of ADA improved outcome from 25min ischaemia, reducing ventricular diastolic pressure (by 45%; 21±4 vs. 38±3mm Hg) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) efflux (by 40%; 0.12±0.01 vs. 0.21±0.02U/g/min ischaemia), and enhancing pressure development (by 35%; 89±6 vs. 66±5mm Hg). Similar protection was evident after 20min ischaemia, and was mimicked by the ADA inhibitor EHNA (5μM). Deletion of ADA also enhanced tolerance in A1AR deficient hearts, though effects on diastolic pressure were eliminated.
Conclusions: Deficiency of ADA does not alter sensitivities of cardiovascular A1 or A2ARs (despite markedly elevated [adenosine]), but significantly improves ischaemic tolerance. Conversely, A1AR deficiency impairs ischaemic tolerance. Effects of ADA deficiency on diastolic pressure appear solely A1AR-dependent while other ARs or processes additionally contribute to improved contractile recovery and reduced cell death.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||experimental; heart; organ; biochemistry; general physiology; pharmacology; adenosine deaminase; adenosine receptor; gene knockout; ischemia|
|Date Deposited:||19 Apr 2010 05:36|
|FoR Codes:||11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences > 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified @ 50%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0606 Physiology > 060699 Physiology not elsewhere classified @ 50%
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases @ 50%
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970102 Expanding Knowledge in the Physical Sciences @ 50%